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/*===========================================================================*\
 *                                                                           *
 *                               OpenMesh                                    *
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 *      Copyright (C) 2001-2015 by Computer Graphics Group, RWTH Aachen      *
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 *                           www.openmesh.org                                *
 *                                                                           *
 *---------------------------------------------------------------------------* 
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 *  This file is part of OpenMesh.                                           *
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 *                                                                           *
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 *  OpenMesh is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify         * 
 *  it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as           *
 *  published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of           *
 *  the License, or (at your option) any later version with the              *
 *  following exceptions:                                                    *
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 *                                                                           *
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 *  If other files instantiate templates or use macros                       *
 *  or inline functions from this file, or you compile this file and         *
 *  link it with other files to produce an executable, this file does        *
 *  not by itself cause the resulting executable to be covered by the        *
 *  GNU Lesser General Public License. This exception does not however       *
 *  invalidate any other reasons why the executable file might be            *
 *  covered by the GNU Lesser General Public License.                        *
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 *                                                                           *
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 *  OpenMesh is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,              *
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of           *
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the            *
 *  GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.                      *
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 *                                                                           *
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 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU LesserGeneral Public          *
 *  License along with OpenMesh.  If not,                                    *
 *  see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.                                      *
 *                                                                           *
\*===========================================================================*/ 

/*===========================================================================*\
 *                                                                           *             
 *   $Revision$                                                         *
 *   $Date$                   *
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 *                                                                           *
\*===========================================================================*/

//=============================================================================
//
//  multiplex streams & ultilities
//
//=============================================================================

#ifndef OPENMESH_MOSTREAM_HH
#define OPENMESH_MOSTREAM_HH


//== INCLUDES =================================================================

#include <OpenMesh/Core/System/config.h>
#include <iostream>
#if defined( OM_CC_GCC ) && OM_CC_VERSION < 30000
#  include <streambuf.h>
#else
#  include <streambuf>
#endif
#include <vector>
#include <map>
#include <string>
#include <algorithm>

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#if __cplusplus > 199711L || defined( __GXX_EXPERIMENTAL_CXX0X__ )
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  #include <mutex>
#endif

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//== NAMESPACES ===============================================================

namespace OpenMesh {
#ifndef DOXY_IGNORE_THIS


//== CLASS DEFINITION =========================================================


class basic_multiplex_target
{
public:
  virtual ~basic_multiplex_target() {}
  virtual void operator<<(const std::string& _s) = 0;
};


template <class T>
class multiplex_target : public basic_multiplex_target
{
public:
  multiplex_target(T& _t) : target_(_t) {}
  virtual void operator<<(const std::string& _s) { target_ << _s; }
private:
  T& target_;
};



//== CLASS DEFINITION =========================================================


#if defined( OM_CC_GCC ) && OM_CC_VERSION < 30000
#  define STREAMBUF   streambuf
#  define INT_TYPE    int
#  define TRAITS_TYPE 
#else
#  define STREAMBUF std::basic_streambuf<char>
#endif

class multiplex_streambuf : public STREAMBUF
{
public:

  typedef STREAMBUF                   base_type;
#if defined( OM_CC_GCC ) && OM_CC_VERSION < 30000
  typedef int                         int_type;
  struct traits_type
  {
    static int_type eof() { return -1; }
    static char to_char_type(int_type c) { return char(c); }
  };
#else
  typedef base_type::int_type         int_type;
  typedef base_type::traits_type      traits_type;
#endif

  // Constructor
  multiplex_streambuf() : enabled_(true) { buffer_.reserve(100); }

  // Destructor
  ~multiplex_streambuf()
  {
    tmap_iter t_it(target_map_.begin()), t_end(target_map_.end());
    for (; t_it!=t_end; ++t_it)
      delete t_it->second;
  }


  // buffer enable/disable
  bool is_enabled() const { return enabled_; }
  void enable() { enabled_ = true; }
  void disable() { enabled_ = false; }


  // construct multiplex_target<T> and add it to targets
  template <class T> bool connect(T& _target) 
  {
    void* key = (void*) &_target;

    if (target_map_.find(key) != target_map_.end())
      return false;

    target_type*  mtarget = new multiplex_target<T>(_target);
    target_map_[key] = mtarget;

    __connect(mtarget); 
    return true;
  }


  // disconnect target from multiplexer
  template <class T> bool disconnect(T& _target) 
  {
    void*      key  = (void*) &_target;
    tmap_iter  t_it = target_map_.find(key);

    if (t_it != target_map_.end())
    {
      __disconnect(t_it->second);
      target_map_.erase(t_it);
      return true;
    }

    return false;
  }


protected:

  // output what's in buffer_
  virtual int sync() 
  {
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    // If working on multiple threads, we need to serialize the output correctly (requires c++11 headers)
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    #if __cplusplus > 199711L || defined( __GXX_EXPERIMENTAL_CXX0X__ )
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       std::lock_guard<std::mutex> lck (serializer_);
    #endif

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    if (!buffer_.empty())
    {
      if (enabled_) multiplex();
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#if defined( OM_CC_GCC ) && OM_CC_VERSION < 30000
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      buffer_ = ""; // member clear() not available!
#else
      buffer_.clear();
#endif
    }
    return base_type::sync();
  }


  // take on char and add it to buffer_
  // if '\n' is encountered, trigger a sync()
  virtual 
  int_type overflow(int_type _c = multiplex_streambuf::traits_type::eof())
  {
    char c = traits_type::to_char_type(_c);
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    // If working on multiple threads, we need to serialize the output correctly (requires c++11 headers)
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    #if __cplusplus > 199711L || defined( __GXX_EXPERIMENTAL_CXX0X__ )
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       {
         std::lock_guard<std::mutex> lck (serializer_);
         buffer_.push_back(c);
       }
    #else
      buffer_.push_back(c);
    #endif

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    if (c == '\n') sync();
    return 0;
  }


private:

  typedef basic_multiplex_target          target_type;
  typedef std::vector<target_type*>       target_list;
  typedef target_list::iterator           tlist_iter;
  typedef std::map<void*, target_type*>   target_map;
  typedef target_map::iterator            tmap_iter;


  // add _target to list of multiplex targets
  void __connect(target_type* _target) { targets_.push_back(_target); }


  // remove _target from list of multiplex targets
  void __disconnect(target_type* _target) { 
    targets_.erase(std::find(targets_.begin(), targets_.end(), _target));
  }


  // multiplex output of buffer_ to all targets
  void multiplex()
  {
    tlist_iter t_it(targets_.begin()), t_end(targets_.end());
    for (; t_it!=t_end; ++t_it)
      **t_it << buffer_;
  }


private:

  target_list  targets_;
  target_map   target_map_;
  std::string  buffer_;
  bool         enabled_;
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  // If working on multiple threads, we need to serialize the output correctly (requires c++11 headers)
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  #if __cplusplus > 199711L || defined( __GXX_EXPERIMENTAL_CXX0X__ )
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     std::mutex serializer_;
  #endif

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};

#undef STREAMBUF


//== CLASS DEFINITION =========================================================


/** \class mostream mostream.hh <OpenMesh/Core/System/mostream.hh>

   This class provides streams that can easily be multiplexed (using
   the connect() method) and toggled on/off (using enable() /
   disable()).

    \see omlog, omout, omerr
*/

class mostream : public std::ostream
{
public:

  /// Explicit constructor
  explicit mostream() : std::ostream(NULL) { init(&streambuffer_); }


  /// Connect target to multiplexer
  template <class T> bool connect(T& _target) 
  { 
    return streambuffer_.connect(_target); 
  }


  /// Disconnect target from multiplexer
  template <class T> bool disconnect(T& _target) 
  {
    return streambuffer_.disconnect(_target);
  }


  /// is buffer enabled
  bool is_enabled() const { return streambuffer_.is_enabled(); }

  /// enable this buffer
  void enable() { streambuffer_.enable(); }

  /// disable this buffer
  void disable() { streambuffer_.disable(); }


private:
  multiplex_streambuf  streambuffer_;
};


//=============================================================================
#endif
} // namespace OpenMesh
//=============================================================================
#endif // OPENMESH_MOSTREAM_HH defined
//=============================================================================